Diversion and Re-entry: Community-Based Services

Safer Policy Institute Partner Corner
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NIJ's Multisite Evaluation of Prosecutor-Led Diversion Programs: Strategies, Impacts, and Cost-Effectiveness
Michael Rempel, Melissa Labriola, Priscillia Hunt, Robert Davis, Warren Reich, Samantha Cherney, April 2018
A number of jurisdictions offer pretrial diversion where participating defendants must complete assigned treatment, services, or other diversion requirements in order to have charges dismissed. This study examines 16 such prosecutor-led programs in 11 jurisdictions across the country and shares impact evaluations of five programs and cost evaluations of four programs.

Work and opportunity before and after incarceration
Adam Looney (The Brookings Institution), Nicholas Turner (Federal Reserve Board), March 2018 Excerpt: In this paper, we offer a more comprehensive view of the labor market opportunities of ex-prisoners in the U.S. by linking data from the entire prison population to earnings records over a sixteen year period. These data allow us to examine employment and earnings before and after release and, for younger prisoners, their family income and neighborhood in childhood. After release, only 55 percent of former prisoners have any earnings and those that do tend to earn less than the earnings of a full-time job at the minimum wage. However, their labor market struggles start earlier, with similarly high rates of joblessness prior to incarceration and with most prisoners growing up in deep poverty.

Bridges to Justice: A Community Engagement Toolkit For Adult Diversion Programs

Adult Redeploy Illinois (ARI), Illinois Criminal Justice Information Authority, May 2017

This toolkit was designed to improve operation of ARI with a road map to strengthen the capacity and role of community in local programs. This document provides guidance on integrating community when planning or operating diversion programs, both in Illinois and nationally. Snapshots of ARI sites with robust community involvement are presented. Snapshots include program descriptions, challenges related to community involvement and strategies to navigate them, and how community involvement has enhanced programs.

No Entry: A Survey of Prosecutorial Diversion in Illinois
Center for Health and Justice at TASC, March 2017
This survey described 54 programs operating in 37 counties, based on information submitted by prosecutors on the programs and options offered in their jurisdictions. The report presents information collected on program authorization, oversight, target populations, goals, structure, services, outcomes, and evaluation. It offers observations and recommendations intended to guide criminal justice practitioners and other stakeholders in the development, implementation, expansion, replication, and improvement of diversion programs.

Learning About Probation From Client Perspectives: Feedback from probationers served by Adult Redeploy Illinois-funded program models
Illinois Criminal Justice Information Authority, September 2016
This report provides clients’ perspective on 10 Adult Redeploy Illinois prison-diversion programs utilizing three program models - drug court (court supervised substance abuse treatment in lieu of incarceration), intensive supervision probation with services (ISP-S which requires probation officers specially trained in the use of risk/needs assessment tools for responsive, individualized case management), and the HOPE Program (Hawaii Opportunity Probation with Enforcement designed to improve compliance with conditions of probation through swift, certain, and fair sanctions and offer drug treatment where needed).

Audit of the Department's Use of Pretrial Diversion and Diversion-Based Court Programs as Alternatives to Incarceration

Office of the Inspector General, US. Department of Justice, July 2016
The report examines DOJ's (Department of Justice) use of pretrial diversion and diversion-based court programs as alternatives to prosecution and incarceration. It finds great variation in availability across federal judicial districts but also concludes that cost-savings from increased use could be substantial.

It Starts with Housing: Public Housing Agencies Are Making Second Chances Real

U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, June 2016
HUD's report emphasizes and provides examples of collaboration between community and public agencies in building reentry programs. It also goes over three models of re-entry housing from public housing agencies in Washington, Vermont and New York.

It Takes a Village: Diversion Resources for Police and Families

Karen Tamis and Cymone Fuller, Vera Institute of Justice, June 2016
This brief explores community-based alternatives to arrest or incarceration inc responding to youth who "act out." As practiced in Nevada, Connecticut, Nebraska, Michigan, Illinois, and Oregon, these alternatives include juvenile assessment resource centers, crisis response centers, and crisis intervention teams.

Healthy Chicago 2.0: Partnering to Improve Health Equity 2016-2020

Chicago Department of Public Health, City of Chicago, March 2016
The report lays out a 4-year plan to improve health and well-being across Chicago's communities. It also provides community-level data on a number of indicators like economic hardship, unemployment, education levels to name a few.

Illinois Results First: A Cost-Benefit Tool for Illinois Criminal Justice Policymakers

Illinois Sentencing Policy Advisory, Summer 2016
The Sentencing Policy Advisory Council published its second Results First report. It seeks to help answer whether a program's benefit exceeds its cost when it is implemented faithfully, with fidelity to its core concepts. Using three distinct approaches of social good, return on investment, and risk and assuming fidelity to the core concepts, the report analyzes and ranks 9 programs operating in Illinois: drug courts, mental health courts, employment training/job readiness, therapeutic communities in prison, Adult Transition Centers, correctional education in prison, vocational education in prison, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Illinois corrections.

Guidance for Public Housing Agencies (PHAs) and Owners of Federally-Assisted Housing on Excluding the Use of Arrest Records in Housing Decisions

U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development: Office of Public and Indian Housing, November 2, 2015
The notice informs public housing agencies and owners of federally-assisted housing that arrest records may not be the basis of denying admission, terminating assistance or evicting tenants. It also reminds PHAs and owners that they are not required to adopt “one strike” policies wherein a person may be evicted from a property for a single incident of misconduct. It provides model policies for admissions and continued occupancy that can help PHAs and owners be compliant with the requirements of civil rights laws.

Small Business Administration, 13 CFR Part 120

Federal Register/Vol. 80, No. 114/Monday, June 2015, 2015/Rules and Regulations
The Small Business Administration’s (SBA) Microloan Program provides microloans of up to $50,000 to small businesses. It does so through intermediaries who are bound by the Small Business Administration’s rules. In June 2015 the SBA adopted re-entry friendly policies that expanded the eligibility for microloans to include small businesses owned by an individual on parole and probation. The change would give intermediaries the option of extending loans in such circumstances.

Young Adults in Conflict with the Law: Opportunities for Diversion

Kanako Ishida, Juvenile Justice Initiative, February 2015
The report analyzes arrests and admissions of young adults ages 18-21 to the Cook County Department of Corrections in CY 2013 and examines relevant trends in policy and practice including diversion options under the Illinois Juvenile Court Act.

When Discretion Means Denial: A National Perspective on Criminal Records Barriers to Federally Subsidized Housing

Marie Claire Tran-Leung, Sargent Shriver National Center on Poverty Law, February 2015
Based on a review of over 300 written admissions policies for public housing from across the country, the report finds prevailing discretion among housing providers that results in broad screening criteria for people with old arrest or conviction records. It identifies four areas - unreasonable lookback periods, use of arrests to prove criminal activity, over-broad categories of criminal activity, underuse of mitigating circumstances- where criminal records policies tend to be overly restrictive. The author makes relevant recommendations.

2014 Annual Report to the Governor and General Assembly on the Implementation and Projected Impact of Adult Redeploy Illinois

The Adult Redeploy Illinois Oversight Board, August 2015
The latest report on Adult Redeploy, a state initiative that aims to divert people convicted of nonviolent offenses from prison by providing financial incentives to local jurisdictions to increase evidence based community-based supervision and services.

Place Matters For Health in Cook County: Ensuring Opportunities for Good Health for All: A Report on Health Inequities in Cook County, Illinois

Joint Center for Political and Economic Studies Health Policy Institute, July 2012
Differences in neighborhood conditions can predict a number of health outcomes. So residential segregation can cause deep inequities. The report shares evidence of such patterns existing in non white neighborhoods and makes a number of recommendations.

Fidelity to the Evidence based Drug Court model: An Examination of Adult Redeploy Illinois

Jessica Reichert, Risa Sacomani, Sara Gonzales, Illinois Criminal Justice Information Authority, December 2015
The report shares results from an assessment of five drug courts on 9 of 10 components that lead to successful outcomes. The drug courts are county-run under Adult Redeploy Illinois, a decentralized diversion program introduced for adults through Illinois Crime Reduction Act of 2009.

Chicago Housing Authority Reentry Pilot - Proposal Presented to CHA Board of Commissioners

Rachel Leonor Ramirez, October 21, 2014
Designed by the Chicago Coalition for the Homeless (CCH) Reentry Committee and the Chicago Housing Authority (CHA), the pilot is implemented through partnerships between CHA and reentry service providers in a shared goal of giving re-entering people who have turned their lives the chance to access federally subsidized housing.


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